Good seedbed conditions lead to high and rapid seedling emergence and vigorous seedlings best equipped to avoid disease, weed competition and sand-blasting. Good establishment is needed for a high yielding crop.
In Western Australia, seedbed moisture and temperature are most likely to limit successful emergence of lupins, especially with the trend toward early sowing.
Research by the Department of Agriculture is helping to define seedbed temperature and moisture requirements for successful lupin establishment that will help future research for improving seedbed conditions.
"Establishment of lupin seedlings,"
Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4: Vol. 34
, Article 10.
Available at: http://researchlibrary.agric.wa.gov.au/journal_agriculture4/vol34/iss4/10