Title

Crop Updates 1999 - Cereals

Authors

Len W. Broadbridge, Bureau of Meterology
Doug Abrecht, Agriculture Western Australia
D. Bakker, Agriculture Western Australia
Greg Hamilton, Agriculture Western Australia
Cliff Spann, Agriculture Western Australia
Doug Rowe, Agriculture Western Australia
Peter Fisher, Agriculture Western Australia
Jennifer Bignell, Agriculture Western Australia
Matthew Brainbridge, Agriculture Western Australia
Bill Bowden, Agriculture Western Australia
Ross Brennan, Agriculture Western Australia
Reg Lunt, Agriculture Western Australia
Senthold Asseng, CSIRO
Cherie Rowles, Agriculture Western Australia
Simon Bedbrook, Agriculture Western Australia
Chris Gazey, Agriculture Western Australia
Mike Bolland, Agriculture Western Australia
Garren Knell, Agriculture Western Australia
Lyn Abbott, University of Western Australia
Zed Rengel, University of Western Australia
Wayne Pluske, CSBP
Erin Cahill, CSBP
Bill Crabtree, WANTFA
Matthew Evans, CSBP
Tim Nielsen, CSBP
Jat Bhathal, Agriculture Western Australia
Rob Loughman, Agriculture Western Australia
D. Rasmussen, Agriculture Western Australia
Roger Jones, Agriculture Western Australia
Sean Kelly, Agriculture Western Australia
Ian Riley, University of Adelaide
Sharyn Tayor, SARDI
Vivien Vanstone, University of Adelaide
Dominie Wright, Agriculture Western Australia
Debbie Thackray, Agriculture Western Australia
Simon McKirdy, Agriculture Western Australia
George Yan, Agriculture Western Australia
Robin Wilson, Agriculture Western Australia
Iain Barclay, Agriculture Western Australia
Robin McLean, Agriculture Western Australia
Dean Diepeveen, Agriculture Western Australia
Bill Lambe, Agriculture Western Australia
Wal Anderson, Agriculture Western Australia
Brenda Shackley, Agriculture Western Australia
Mechelle Owen, Agriculture Western Australia
Peter Burgess, Lamond Burgess & Associates
Ben Curtis, Agriculture Western Australia
Mohammed A. Hamza, Agriculture Western Australia
Jamie Henderson, Agriculture Western Australia
Frank Boetel, Agriculture Western Australia
Alfredo Impiglia, Agriculture Western Australia
Francis Hoyle, Agriculture Western Australia
Darshan Sharma, Agriculture Western Australia
Pierre Fievez, Pierre Fievez and Associates
Blakely Paynter, Agriculture Western Australia
Glen McDonald, Agriculture Western Australia
Kevin Young, Agriculture Western Australia
Andrew Blake, Agriculture Western Australia
Keith Devenish, Agriculture Western Australia
Perry Dolling, Agriculture Western Australia
Roy Latta, Agriculture Western Australia
Lisa-Jane Blacklow, University of Western Australia
Chris Matthews, Agriculture Western Australia
Angelo Loi, National Australian Pasture Legumes Improvement Program
Brad Nutt, National Australian Pasture Legumes Improvement Program
Rochelle McRobb, National Australian Pasture Legumes Improvement Program
David Webb, CLIMA
Andrew McRobb, CLIMA
Clinton Revell, Agriculture Western Australia
James Ridsdill-Smith, CSIRO
Celia Pavri, CSIRO
David Tennant, Natural Recources Management Services
Darryl Mclements, Plant Research and Development
Ross Thompson, Natural Recources Management Services
Mike Ewing, Plant Research and Development
Tim Woodburn, CSIRO
Paul Yeoh, CSIRO
James Fisher, CLIMA
Art Diggle, Agriculture Western Australia
Mark Whitten, University of Western Australia
Andrew Rate, University of Western Australia
Paul Carlile, University of Western Australia
Ed Blanchard, Agricultural Engineering and Precision Farming Consultant
Bevan Buirchell, Agriculture Western Australia
Lorraine Osborne, University of Western Australia
Tress Walmsley, Agriculture Western Australia
Terry Piper, Agriculture Western Australia
Cameron Weeks, Agriculture Western Australia
Michael Dodd, Agriculture Western Australia
Amanda Falconer, Agriculture Western Australia
Caroline Peek, Agriculture Western Australia
Glenn Adam, Agriculture Western Australia
Camray Gethin, Agriculture Western Australia
Richard Guinness, Farmer, Kunjiin Top Crop Group, Corrigin
Daniel Fels, Agriculture Western Australia
Andrew Rintoul, Planfarm
Mal Lamond, Lamond Weather Services
Roger Tapp, Bureau of Meterology
Craig White, Agriculture Western Australia

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publisher

Agriculture Western Australia

City

Perth

Publication Date

17-2-1999

Keywords

Climate, El Nino, Indian ocean Dipole, seasonal conditions, raised beds, waterlogging, no-till, press wheels, hardsetting grey clay soils, late applied fertiliser nitrogen, grain protein, paddocks soil tested, potassium levels, nutrient accumulation, Solid and liquid forms of nitrogen, urea additive treatments, banding of compound fertilisers, drilled, top dressing, Variable Rate Technology (VRT), fertiliser applications, yield potential, leaf disease, foliar application, fungicide, wheat stubbles, wheat lupin rotations, disease carryover, aerial application ground application, Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV), Root lesion nematodes (RLN; Pratylenchus spp.), cereal cyst nematodes (CCN; Heterodera spp.), break crops, cereal aphid vectors, Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV), insecticide, diagnostic service, Plant Pathology, AGWEST Plant Laboratories, twist fungus (Dilophospora alopecun), Annual ryegrass toxicity (ARGT), bacterial levels, wheat varieties, oat varieties, ASWN (noodle) grade, agronomic practices, barley varieties, grower surveys, Deep ripping (DR), gypsum (G), nutrient (N) treatments, Durum Wheat, economic study, grain quality requirements, grain screenings, High seed rates, sowing time, Australian Hard (AH) grade, variety response, export hay industry, weed control, malting barley, Gairdner barley, rainfall areas, grain size, oat agronomy, growing environment, Spot-Type Net Blotch (STNB), soil-type, broadleaf herbicides tolerance, annual pasture legumes, pasture systems, intense cropping rotations, perennial pastures, mechanisms of acidification, high water use farming system, Lucerne, New pasture legume species, low rainfall conditions, highly acidic wodjil soils, serradella based pastures, balansa clover, spraytopping, hayfreezing, 'Phase' pasture, redlegged earth mite (RLEM), spraying in spring, doublegee biocontrol agent (red apion), soil acidification, lime requirements, leaching, nitrogen fertiliser, lime and nutrient calculator, simulate grain yields, benchmarking target yields, farm trials, yield mapping systems, soil phosphorus, Crop Improvement Royalty, Plant Breeders Rights Act, germplasm, screening, broadscale testing, 'Test as you Grow', profitability of farm rotations, sustainability costs, Right Rotations software, Water Use Efficiency ($WUE), inputs and net returns, overall decrease in annual rainfall, frost damage, symptom identification guides

Abstract

This article covers sixty papers

FOREWORD

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

PLENARY PAPERS

1. Western Australia’s climate: trends and opportunities, Len W. Broadbridge, Director, Bureau of Meterorology

2. Managing seasonal variations in agriculture, Dr Doug Abrecht, Director, Dryland Research Institute, Merredin

CROP ESTABLISHMENT

3. Soil management to prevent waterlogging on duplex soils in the Great Southern, D. Bakker, Greg Hamilton, Cliff Spann and Doug Rowe, Agriculture Western Australia

4. The influence of no-till and press wheels on crop production for heavy soils, Peter Fisher, Jennifer Bignell, Matthew Braimbridge, Greg Hamilton, Agriculture

Western Australia

NUTRITION

5. Fertiliser nitrogen, applied late, needs rain to increase grain nitrogen and protein levels in wheat, Bill Bowden1, Ross Brennan1, Reg Lunt1 and Senthold Asseng2

1 Agriculture Western Australia, 2 CSIRO

6. Canola upsets the nutrition of the next cereal crop? Bill Bowden1, Garren Knell1, Cherie Rowles 1, Simon Bedbrook', Chris Gazey 1,Mike Bolland1, Ross Brennan 1, Lyn Abbott2, Zed Rengel2 and Wayne Pluske3, 1 Agriculture Western Australia, 2 UWA Soil Science, 3 CSBP

7. Comparisons between high analysis nitrogen sources, Erin Cahill, CSBP

8. Urea additives for reduced drilled urea toxicity for canola and wheat, Bill Crabtree, WANTFA

9. Fertiliser placement, Matthew Evans, CSBP

9. The profitability of variable rate nitrogen applications on wheat, Tim Nielsen, CSBP Technical Services

DISEASE

10. Fungicide for wheat leaf disease: boon or bane? Jat Bhathal, Rob Loughman and D. Rasmussen, Plant Pathology, Agriculture Western Australia

11. Role of retained wheat stubbles in disease carryover in wheat/lupin rotations, Jat Bhathal and Rob Loughman, Plant Pathology, Agriculture Western Australia

12. Comparison of aerial and ground application of fungicide for lead disease control ion wheat, Jat Bhathal and Rob Loughman, Plant Pathology, Agriculture Western Australia

13. Bean yellow mosaic virus infection of alternative pasture legume species, Roger Jones, CRC for legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture and Agriculture

Western Australia

14. Survey of cereal root nematodes in cropping soils in Western Australia, Sean Kelly1, Ian Riley2 and Robert Loughman1, 1 Agriculture Western Australia,2 University of Adelaide

15. Crop management options for root lesion nematode, Robert Loughman 1, Sharyn Taylor2, Vivien Vanstone 3, Ian Riley3 and Dominie Wright1, 1 Agriculture Western Australia, 2SARDI Plant Research Centre, Glen Osmond, South Australia

3 University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, South Australia

16. Forecasting barley yellow dwarf risk in cereals, Debbie Thackray and Roger Jones, Agriculture Western Australia and CRC for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture

17. Managing barley yellow dwarf virus in cereal crops, Debbie Thackray, Roger Jones and Simon McKirdy, Agriculture Western Australia and CRC for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture

18. Broadacre diagnostic service, Dominie Wright, Agriculture Western Australia, AGWEST Plant Laboratories

19. Using twist fungus (Dilophospora alopecuri) to reduce the risk of annual ryegrass toxicity, Dr George Yan1 and Dr Ian Riley2, 1 Plant Research and Development Service, Agriculture Western Australia, 2 Applied and Molecular Ecology, Waite Campus, The University of Adelaide, South Australia

NEW VARIETIES

20. New wheat and oat varieties for 1999, Robin Wilson, lain Barclay, Robyn Mclean, Dean Diepeveen, Robert Loughman, and Bill Lambe, Agriculture Western Australia

21. Performance in 1998 of recently released wheat varieties, Robin Wilson, lain Barclay, Robyn Mclean, Dean Diepeveen, Robert Loughman and Bill Lambe, Agriculture Western Australia

WHEAT AGRONOMY

22. Increasing the noodle ‘strike rate’, Wal Anderson, Brenda Shackley and Mechelle Owen, Agriculture Western Australia, Quality Wheat CRC

23. Variety trials: wheat and barley, Peter Burgess, Lamond Burgess & Associates

24. South coast wheat variety farmer survey, Ben Curtis, Agriculture Western Australia

25. Residual effects of deep ripping, gypsum and nutrients on grain yields and soil properties, Mohammed A. Hamza and W.K. Anderson, Agriculture Western Australia

26. How to ensure durum wheat profitability! Jamie Henderson, Frank Boetel and Alfredo lmpiglia, Agriculture Western Australia

27. Agronomic evaluation of new wheat varieties for 1999 in the Northern Agricultural Region, Frances Hoyle, Agriculture Western Australia

28. The influence of on-farm management and variety of grain screening levels, Frances Hoyle, Agriculture Western Australia

29. Variety response of hard wheats to management, Darshan Sharma and Wal Anderson, Agriculture Western Australia

BARLEY AND OATS

30. Studies into production of export oaten hay, Pierre Fievez, Pierre Fievez and Associates

31. Gairdner barley in the Central and Northern Regions, Blakely Paynter, Agriculture Western Australia

32. Improving milling oat quality, Glenn McDonald, Agriculture Western Australia

33. Gairdner barley in the Southern Region, Kevin Young, Agriculture Western Australia

PASTURE

34. The herbicide tolerance of some annual pasture legumes, Andrew Blake, Agriculture Western Australia

35. Pasture systems for cropping rotations in the northern wheatbelt, Keith Devenish, Agriculture Western Australia

36. Perennial pastures reduce recharge and acidification, Perry Dolling, Agriculture Western Australia

37. It’s time to include Lucerne in the pasture-crop system, Roy Latta 1, Lisa-Jane Blacklow2 and Chris Matthews 1,1 Agriculture Western Australia, 2 University of Western Australia,

38. New alternative pasture legume for fine textured soils, Angelo Loi, Brad Nutt and Rochelle McRobb, National Australian Pasture Legumes Improvement Program (NAPLIP) and Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture (CLIMA)

39. Increasing pasture productivity on acid wodjil soils, Brad Nutt, David Webb and Andrew McRobb, Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture (CLIMA)

40. Annual legume pasture species now available for use in cropping systems. Clinton Revell, Agriculture Western Australia

41. Herbicide and cultural management of Cadiz serradella in ‘phase’ pastures, Clinton Revell, Agriculture Western Australia

42. Spring spraying for redlegged earth mite, James Ridsdill-Smith and Celia Pavri, CSIRO Entomology and CLIMA

43. Water use and water extraction by recently developed pasture legume species and cultivars, David Tennant1, Darryl McClements2, Ross Thompson 1 and Mike Ewing2, 1 Natural Resource Management Services, Soil Management, 2 Plant Research and Development, Pasture Sciences

44. Death knell to doublegees? Tim Woodburn· and Paul Yeoh, CSIRO Entomology/CRC Weed Management Systems, Floreat

LIMING

45. Calculated lime requirements for rotations, James Fisher1, Art Diggle 1•2 and Bill Bowden 1•2, 1 Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture 2 Agriculture Western Australia

46. The RH lime reactivity test and RH of typical WA limes, Mark Whitten and Andrew Rate, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, University of Western Australia

YIELD MAPPING

47. Benchmarking target yields for wheat, Senthold Asseng 1, Bill Bowden2 and Paul Carlile3, 1 CSIRO Plant Industry, 2 Agriculture Western Australia, 3 UWA

48. Getting the most information from farm scale trial, Ed Blanchard, Agricultural Engineering and Precision Farming Consultant, Merredin, WA

49. Measuring nutrient changes using yield maps, Ed Blanchard, Agricultural engineering and precision farming consultant; Precision Farming Demonstration Project Coordinator for the Kondinin Group, Merredin WA

BREEDING

50. Crop improvement royalties – investing in the future, Bevan Buirchell and Dean Diepeveen, Agriculture Western Australia

51. Screening cereals for genotypic variation in phosphorus efficiency, Lorraine Osborne and Zed Rengel, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, University of Western Australia

ON FARM TESTING

52. Test as you grow pays dividends, John Blake, Tress Walmsley, Terry Piper, Wal Anderson, Dean Diepeveen, Cameron Weeks, Michael Dodd, Amanda Falconer, Caroline Peek, Glenn Adam, Agriculture Western Australia

53. How useful is on-farm testing, Camray Gethin 1, Richard Guinness2, Simon Bedbrook1, Dean Diepeveen4, 1 TopCrop Development Officer, Agriculture Western Australia, 2 Farmer, Kunjin TopCrop Group, Corrigin, 3 Agricultural Consultant, Farmanco, York, 4 CVT service, Crop Industries, Agriculture Western Australia,

ECONOMICS

54. The impact of farm practices on sustainability costs of rotations, Pierre Fievez, Pierre Fievez and Associates

55. Right rotations for TopCrop, Daniel Fels, Agriculture Western Australia

56. Dollars of water use efficiency, Andrew Rintoul, FAST National, GRDC funded project, Planfarm

57. Farm business structures, Andrew Rintoul, FAST National, GRDC funded project, Planfarm

CLIMATE

58. Broadscale weather aspects affecting Western Australia during 1998 and prospects for 1999, Mal Lamond, Lamond Weather Services

59. An updated look at aspects of rainfall trends and variability in the south-west of Western Australia, Roger Tapp, Climate and Consultancy Section, Bureau of Meteorology, Perth WA

60. Frost research in the eastern wheatbelt, Craig White, Research Officer, Agriculture Western Australia, Presented by D.G. Abrecht

Comments

Please cite papers individually

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